Nonlinear propagation of modulated ion-acoustic plasma waves in the presence of an electron beam

A. Esfandyari-Kalejahi, Yannis Kourakis, B. Dasmalchi, M. Sayarizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theoretical and numerical studies are presented of the amplitude modulation of ion-acoustic waves (IAWs) in a plasma consisting of warm ions, Maxwellian electrons, and a cold electron beam. Perturbations parallel to the carrier IAW propagation direction have been investigated. The existence of four distinct linear ion acoustic modes is shown, each of which possesses a different behavior from the modulational stability point of view. The stability analysis, based on a nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE) reveals that the IAW may become unstable. The stability criteria depend on the IAW carrier wave number, and also on the ion temperature, the beam velocity and the beam electron density. Furthermore, the occurrence of localized envelope structures (solitons) is investigated, from first principles. The numerical analysis shows that the two first modes (essentially IAWs, modified due to the beam) present a complex behavior, essentially characterized by modulational stability for large wavelengths and instability for shorter ones. Dark-type envelope excitations (voids, holes) occur in the former case, while bright-type ones (pulses) appear in the latter. The latter two modes are characterized by an intrinsic instability, as the frequency develops a finite imaginary part for small ionic temperature values. At intermediate temperatures, both bright- and dark-type excitations may exist, although the numerical landscape is intertwined between stability and instability regions.(c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number042305
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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