Nothing about me without me: a scoping review of how illness experiences inform simulated participants’ encounters in health profession education

Linda Ní Chianáin*, Richard Fallis, Jenny Johnston, Nancy McNaughton, Gerard Gormley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Person-centred simulation in health professions education requires involvement of the person with illness experience.

Objective: To investigated how real illness experiences inform simulated participants’ (SP) portrayals in simulation education using a scoping review to map literature.

Study selection: Arksey and O’Malley’s framework was used to search, select, chart and analyse data with the assistance of personal and public involvement. MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched. A final consultation exercise was conducted using results.

Findings: 37 articles were within scope. Reporting and training of SPs are inconsistent. SPs were actors, volunteers or the person with the illness experience. Real illness experience was commonly drawn on in communication interactions. People with illness experience could be directly involved in various ways, such as through conversation with an SP, or indirectly, such as a recording of heart sounds. The impact on the learner was rarely considered.

Conclusion: Authentic illness experiences help create meaningful person-centred simulation education. Patients and SPs may both require support when sharing or portraying illness experience. Patients’ voices profoundly enrich the educational contributions made by SPs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Simulation and Technology Enhanced Learning
Early online date17 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 17 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Simulation Based Education, Simulated Patient, Patient Involvement

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