Background Two novel assays quantifying Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) were compared to traditional motility and migration assays. TGF-ß1 treatment of AY-27 rat bladder cancer cells acted as a model of EMT in tumourigenesis. Methods AY-27 rat bladder cancer cells incubated with 3ng/ml TGF-ß1 or control media for 24 or 48h were assessed using novel and traditional assays. The Spindle Index, a novel measure of spindle phenotype, was derived from the ratio of maximum length to maximum width of cells. The area covered by cells which migrated from a fixed coverslip towards supplemented agarose was measured in a novel chemoattractant assay. Motility, migration and immunoreactivity for E-cadherin, Vimentin and cytokeratin were assessed. Results TGF-ß1 treated cells had increased “spindle” phenotype together with decreased E-cadherin, decreased Cytokeratin-18 and increased Vimentin immunoreactivity. After 48h, the mean Spindle Index of TGF-ß1 treated cells was significantly higher than Mock (p=0.02 Bonferroni test) and there were significant differences in migration across treatment groups measured using the novel chemoattractant assay (p = 0.02, Chi-Square). TGF-ß1 significantly increased matrigel invasion. Conclusion The Spindle Index and the novel chemoattractant assay are valuable adjunctive assays for objective characterization of EMT changes during tumourigenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Medicine
Koo, V., El Mekabaty, A., Hamilton, P., Maxwell, P., Sharaf Eldin, O., Diamond, J., Watson, J., & Williamson, K. (2010). Novel in vitro assays for the characterization of EMT in tumourigenesis. Analytical Cellular Pathology, 32(1-2), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.3233/CLO-2009-0501