Novel monoclonal antibody and peptide binders for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and their application for magnetic separation

Lorna M. O'Brien, Linda D. Stewart, Sam A. J. Strain, Irene R. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
281 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The generation of novel Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP)-specific monoclonal antibodies and phage-display derived peptide binders, along with their application for the magnetic separation (MS) of MAP cells, is described. Our aim was to achieve even greater MAP capture capability than is possible with peptide-mediated magnetic separation (PMS) using a 50:50 mix of biotinylated-aMp3 and biotinylated-aMptD peptide-coated beads. Gamma-irradiated whole MAP cells and ethanol extracted antigens (EEA) from these cells were used to elicit an immune response and as phage-display biopanning targets. A range of novel binders was obtained and coated onto paramagnetic beads, both individually and in various combinations, for MS evaluation. IS900 PCR was employed after MS to provide quick results. Capture sensitivity was assessed using a range of MAP concentrations after which the most promising beads were tested for their specificity for MAP, by performing MS followed by culture using 10 other Mycobacterium species. Magnetic beads coated with the biotinylated EEA402 peptide demonstrated a greater level of MAP capture than the current PMS method, even when low numbers of MAP (<10 cfu/ml) were present; however these beads also captured a range of other mycobacteria and so lacked capture specificity. Magnetic beads coated with monoclonal antibodies 6G11 and 15D10 (used as a 50:50 mix or as dually coated beads) also demonstrated improved MAP capture relative to the current PMS method, but with little cross-reactivity to other Mycobacterium spp. Therefore, two new MS protocols are suggested, the application of which would be dependent upon the required endpoint. Biotinylated EEA402-coated beads could potentially be used with a MAP-specific PCR to ensure detection specificity, while beads coated with 6G11 and 15D10 monoclonal antibodies could be used with culture or the phage amplification assay.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0147870
Number of pages19
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
  • monoclonal antibody production
  • phage display biopanning
  • peptide binders
  • magnetic separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Food Animals

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