Novel Protective Properties of IGFBP-3 Result in Enhanced Pericyte Ensheathment, Reduced Microglial Activation, Increased Microglial Apoptosis, and Neuronal Protection after Ischemic Retinal Injury

J.L. Kielczewski, Peing Hu, L Shaw, S.L. Calzi, R.N. Mames, Tom Gardiner, Evan McFarland, T. Chan-Ling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the perivascular cell responses to increased endothelial cell expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in mouse retina. The contribution of bone marrow cells in the IGFBP-3-mediated response was examined using green fluorescent protein-positive (GFP(+)) adult chimeric mice subjected to laser-induced retinal vessel occlusion injury. Intravitreal injection of an endothelial-specific IGFBP-3-expressing plasmid resulted in increased differentiation of GF(P)+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) into pericytes and astrocytes as determined by immunohistochemical analysis. Administration of IGFBP-3 plasmid to mouse pups that underwent the oxygen-induced retinopathy model resulted in increased pericyte ensheathment and reduced pericyte apoptosis in the developing retina. Increased IGFBP-3 expression reduced the number of activated microglial cells and decreased apoptosis of neuronal cells in the oxygen-induced retinopathy model. In summary, IGFBP-3 increased differentiation of GFP(+) HSCs into pericytes and astrocytes while increasing vascular ensheathment of pericytes and decreasing apoptosis of pericytes and retinal neurons. All of these cytoprotective effects exhibited by IGFBP-3 overexpression can result in a more stable retinal vascular bed. Thus, endothelial expression of IGFBP-3 may represent a physiologic response to injury and may represent a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ischemic vascular eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity. (Am J Pathol 2011, 178:1517-1524; DOI: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.12.031)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1528
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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