Nucleosome repositioning in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

Kristan V. Piroeva, Charlotte McDonald, Charalampos Xanthopoulos, Chelsea Fox, Christopher T. Clarkson, Jan-Philipp Mallm, Yevhen Vainshtein, Luminita Ruje, Lara C. Klett, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Daniel Mertens, Efterpi Kostareli*, Karsten Rippe*, Vladimir B. Teif*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The location of nucleosomes in the human genome determines the primary chromatin structure and regulates access to regulatory regions. However, genome-wide information on deregulated nucleosome occupancy and its implications in primary cancer cells is scarce. Here, we conducted a genome-wide comparison of high-resolution nucleosome maps in peripheral-blood B cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and healthy individuals at single base pair resolution. Our investigation uncovered significant changes of nucleosome positioning in CLL. Globally, the spacing between nucleosomes - the nucleosome repeat length (NRL) - was shortened in CLL. This effect was stronger in the more aggressive IGHV-unmutated than in the IGHV-mutated CLL subtype. Changes in nucleosome occupancy at specific sites were linked to active chromatin remodelling and reduced DNA methylation. Nucleosomes lost or gained in CLL marked differential binding of 3D chromatin organisers such as CTCF as well as immune response-related transcription factors and delineated mechanisms of epigenetic deregulation. The principal component analysis of nucleosome occupancy in cancer-specific regions allowed classification of samples between cancer subtypes and normal controls. Furthermore, patients could be better assigned to CLL subtypes according to differential nucleosome occupancy than based on DNA methylation or gene expression. Thus, nucleosome positioning constitutes a novel readout to dissect molecular mechanisms of disease progression and to stratify patients. Furthermore, we anticipate that the global nucleosome repositioning detected in our study, such as changes in the NRL, can be exploited for liquid biopsy applications based on cell-free DNA to stratify patients and monitor disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1649-1661
JournalGenome Research
Volume33
Early online date12 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2024

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