Numerical considerations for the implementation of a comprehensive composite damage model

Louis N S Chiu, Brian G. Falzon, Bernard Chen, Wenyi Yan

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A comprehensive continuum damage mechanics model [1] had been developed to capture the detailed
behaviour of a composite structure under a crushing load. This paper explores some of the difficulties
encountered in the implementation of this model and their mitigation. The use of reduced integration
element and a strain softening model both negatively affect the accuracy and stability of the
simulation. Damage localisation effects demanded an accurate measure of characteristic length. A
robust algorithm for determining the characteristic length was implemented. Testing showed that this
algorithm produced marked improvements over the use of the default characteristic length provided
by Abaqus. Zero-energy or hourglass modes, in reduced integration elements, led to reduced
resistance to bending. This was compounded by the strain softening model, which led to the formation
of elements with little resistance to deformation that could invert if left unchecked. It was shown,
through benchmark testing, that by deleting elements with excess distortions and controlling the mesh
using inbuilt distortion/hourglass controls, these issues can be alleviated. These techniques
contributed significantly to the viability and usability of the damage model.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2nd Australian Conference on Computational Mechanics - Australia, Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 30 Nov 201501 Dec 2015


Conference2nd Australian Conference on Computational Mechanics


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