Oblique modulation of electrostatic modes and envelope excitations in pair-ion and electron-positron plasmas

A. Esfandyari-Kalejahi, Yannis Kourakis, P K Shukla

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nonlinear amplitude modulation of electrostatic waves propagating in a collisionless two-component plasma consisting of negative and positive species of equal mass and absolute charge is investigated. Pair-ion (e.g., fullerene) and electron-positron (e-p) plasmas (neglecting recombination) are covered by this description. Amplitude perturbation oblique to the direction of propagation of the wave has been considered. Two distinct linear electrostatic modes exist, namely an acoustic lower mode and Langmuir-type optic-type upper one. The behavior of each of these modes is examined from the modulational stability point of view. The stability criteria are investigated, depending on the electrostatic carrier wave number, the angle theta between the modulation and propagation directions, and the positron-to-electron temperature ratio sigma. The analysis shows that modulated electrostatic wavepackets associated to the lower (acoustic) mode are unstable, for small values of carrier wave number k (i.e., for large wavelength lambda) and for finite (small) values of the angle theta (yet stable for higher theta), while those related to the upper (optic-like) mode are stable for large values of the angle theta only, in the same limit, yet nearly for all values of sigma. These results are of relevance in astrophysical contexts (e.g., in pulsar environments), where e-p plasmas are encountered, or in pair fullerene-ion plasmas, in laboratory. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number122310
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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