On the likelihood and type of merger and acquisition in the US listed companies: the role of females on the board

Yousry Ahmed, Yu Song, Mohamed Elsayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose
This paper aims to examine whether and how females on the board of directors affect US-listed companies’ merger and acquisition (M&A) decisions. Specifically, the paper concerns the impact of females in the boardroom on the likelihood and type of M&A deals (i.e. foreign vs domestic acquisitions and listed vs unlisted acquisitions).

Design/methodology/approach
Archival data of M&A deals using a sample of 17,899 firm-year observations of the US public companies from 2012 to 2018 are collected and examined using probit and logit models.

Findings
This paper offers three main results supporting the propositions of the behavioral consistency theory. First, female directors are negatively associated with the likelihood of making the acquisition. Second, female directors are positively associated with acquiring domestic rather than foreign targets. Third, female directors are positively associated with acquiring listed rather than unlisted targets.

Research limitations/implications
The findings provide additional evidence-based insights into the debate about diversity on boards with the aim of informing policy and offering practical recommendations for the effective implementation of gender diversity on the boards of companies.

Originality/value
Overall, consistent with the premise of behavioral theory, the results expand the literature on gender diversity by augmenting the argument that females’ behavior in corporate policies is viewed as opposition to change and a tendency toward risk aversion and thus, influences companies’ strategic investment decisions, such as M&A.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Accounting & Information Management
Early online date04 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 04 Apr 2022

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