On the recollision-free excitation of krypton during ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization

W.A. Bryan, S.L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E.M.L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I.C.E. Turcu, Ian Williams, W.R. Newell

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The probability of multiple ionization of krypton by 50 femtosecond circularly polarized laser pulses, independent of the optical focal geometry, has been obtained for the first time. The excellent agreement over the intensity range 100 TW cm-2 to 100 PW cm-2 with the recent predictions of Kornev et al (2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 043414) provides the first experimental confirmation that non-recollisional electronic excitation can occur in strong-field ionization. This is particularly true for higher stages of ionization, when the laser intensity exceeds 10 PW cm-2 as the energetic departure of the ionized electron(s) diabatically distorts the wavefunctions of the bound electrons. By scaling the probability of ionization by the focal volume, we discuss why this mechanism was not apparent in previous studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberS08
Pages (from-to)S349-S356
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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