Ophthalmology residency trainers' perspective on standardization of residency training in India

Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Partha Biswas, Santosh G Honavar, Namrata Sharma, Rajesh Sinha, Mahipal Singh Sachdev, Lalit Verma, Barun Kumar Nayak, Sundaram Natarajan

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5 Citations (Scopus)
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The aim of this study was to study the perception of residency trainers about an optimum residency program. A survey, using a pre-validated questionnaire, was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2019-20 with questions directed to teachers in medical colleges and national board of examination's ophthalmology residency programs on demography, teaching experience, imparting clinical and surgical skills, ideal academic schedule and dissertation in the post-graduate residency program. The response rate in the survey was 47.6%. Valid responses were obtained from 309 residency trainers. Of these, 132 of 309 (42.7%) were females. The mean age was 45.3 ± 9.5 years, range 26-68 years. The trainers believed that on a scale of 0-10, clinical skills teaching should be taught, mean ± SD: slit lamp 9.8 ± 0.7; indirect ophthalmoscopy 9.3 ± 1.3; gonioscopy 9.2 ± 1.5; perimetry 8.9 ± 1.5; OCT 8.4 ± 1.9; applanation tonometry 9.5 ± 1.2 and orthoptic evaluation 8.1 (±1.9). A resident should ideally perform independently surgeries (median, inter-quartile range IQR): SICS 50 (IQR 40-100); phaco 50 (20-60); pterygium excision 20 (10-40); DCR 10 (5-20); chalazion 20 (10-50), trabeculectomy 7 (5-15); strabismus 5 (2-10), LASIK and retinal detachment 0. Ideally there should be four lectures, four seminars, four case presentations, five journal clubs and four wet labs every month. Teachers expected their wards to become competent professionals. There was near unanimity about the content of clinical skills training, non-medical skills and academics, but there was a significant variation on extent of surgical training that should be imparted to the residents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-841
JournalIndian journal of ophthalmology
Issue number4
Early online date16 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Academics
  • India
  • ophthalmology residency
  • residency training
  • skill transfer


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