Optical and infrared spectroscopy of the type IInSN1998S: days 3-127

A. Fassia, W.P.S. Meikle, N. Chugai, T.R. Geballe, P. Lundqvist, N.A. Walton, Don Pollacco, S. Veilleux, G.S. Wright, M. Pettini, T. Kerr, E. Puchnarewicz, P. Puxley, M. Irwin, C. Packham, Stephen Smartt, D. Harmer

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121 Citations (Scopus)


We present contemporary optical and infrared spectroscopic observations of the type IIn SN 1998S covering the period between 3 and 127 days after discovery. During the first week the spectra are characterized by prominent broad H, He and C III/N III emission lines with narrow peaks, superimposed on a very blue continuum (T similar to 24 000 K). In the following two weeks the C III/N III emission vanished, together with the broad emission components of the H and He lines. Broad, blueshifted absorption components appeared in the spectra. The temperature of the continuum also dropped to similar to 14000 K. By the end of the first month the spectrum comprised broad, blueshifted absorptions in H, He, Si II, Fe II and Sc II. By day 44, broad emission components in H and He reappeared in the spectra. These persisted to as late as days similar to 100-130, becoming increasingly asymmetric. We agree with Leonard et al. that the broad emission lines indicate interaction between the ejecta and circumstellar material (CSM) emitted by the progenitor. We also agree that the progenitor of SN 1998S appears to have gone through at least two phases of mass-loss, giving rise to two CSM zones. Examination of the spectra indicates that the inner zone extended to less than or equal to 90 au, while the outer CSM extended from 185 an to over 1800 au.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-930
Number of pages24
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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