Purpose: To evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy and/or intravitreal injections on choroidal neovascularization in treatment-naïve patients affected by Best Macular Dystrophy using OCT-A Materials and Methods: BMD patients with CNV treated using PDT and/or IV were included in the study. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination, OCT and 3 × 3 mm OCT-A. The OCT-A images were analyzed using an open-source software (ImageJ) to assess the CNV membrane area (CNV-MA), the CNV vessel area (CNV-VA), and vessel density (VD) at the follow-ups (3 months after PDT and 1 month after IV). Results: Five eyes of four patients with CNV were included. All eyes received PDT as first-line therapy; 4 eyes underwent more than 1 treatment session: three eyes received 1 IV, whereas one eye had one further PDT. After PDT, the CNV-MA, CNV-VA, and VD quantitative parameters were obtained for four out of five eyes: in three eyes of two patients CNV-MA, CNV-VA, and VD first decreased and then gradually increased during follow-up, whereas in one eye of one patient CNV-MA, CNV-VA, and VD slightly increased. After IV the CNV-MA, CNV-VA, and VD had significantly decreased at the 1-month follow-up in three eyes of three patients. Conclusion: OCT-A is an important tool for the diagnosis of both naïve and fibrotic CNV in BMD patients; it is a non-invasive method for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of neovascular lesions during follow-up. Our results have shown a cyclic remodeling of treated CNV in BMD patients using both PDT and IV.
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© 2020, © 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
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- intravitreal injections
- vitelliform dystrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health