Optimisation and scaling of interfacial GeO2 layers for high-k gate stacks on germanium and extraction of dielectric constant of GeO2

S. N. A. Murad, P. T. Baine, D. W. McNeill, Neil Mitchell, B. M. Armstrong, M. Modreanu, G. Hughes, R. K. Chellappan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Germanium is an attractive channel material for MOSFETs because of its higher mobility than silicon. In this paper, GeO2 has been investigated as an interfacial layer for high-kappa gate stacks on germanium. Thermally grown GeO2 layers have been prepared at 550 degrees C to minimise GeO volatilisation. GeO2 growth has been performed in both pure O-2 ambient and O-2 diluted with N-2. GeO2 thickness has been scaled down to approximately 3 nm. MOS capacitors have been fabricated using different GeO2 thicknesses with a standard high-kappa dielectric on top. Electrical properties and thermal stability have been tested up to at least 350 degrees C. The K value of GeO2 was experimentally determined to be 4.5. Interface state densities (D-it) of less than 10(12) CM-2 eV(-1) have been extracted for all devices using the conductance method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-140
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

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