Optimized process for the inclusion of carbon nanotubes in elastomers with improved thermal and mechanical properties

R.M. Cadambi, E. Ghassemieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of addition of reinforcing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into hydrogenated nitrile-butadiene rubber (HNBR) matrix on the mechanical, dynamic viscoelastic, and permeability properties were studied in this investigation. Different techniques of incorporating nanotubes in HNBR were investigated in this research. The techniques considered were more suitable for industrial preparation of rubber composites. The nanotubes were modified with different surfactants and dispersion agents to improve the compatibility and adhesion of nanotubes on the HNBR matrix. The effects of the surface modification of the nanotubes on various properties were examined in detail. The amount of CNTs was varied from 2.5 to 10 phr in different formulations prepared to identify the optimum CNT levels. A detailed analysis was made to investigate the morphological structure and mechanical behavior at room temperature. The viscoelastic behavior of the nanotube filler elastomer was studied by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA). Morphological analysis indicated a very good dispersion of the CNTs for a low nanotube loading of 3.5 phr. A significant improvement in the mechanical properties was observed with the addition of nanotubes. DMTA studies revealed an increase in the storage modulus and a reduction in the glass-transition temperature after the incorporation of the nanotubes. Further, the HNBR/CNT nanocomposites were subjected to permeability studies. The studies showed a significant reduction in the permeability of nitrogen gas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4993-5001
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimized process for the inclusion of carbon nanotubes in elastomers with improved thermal and mechanical properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this