Optimizing acido-basic profile of support in Ni supported La2O3+Al2O3 catalyst for dry reforming of methane

Fahad S.Al-Mubaddel, Rawesh Kumar, Mahmud Lanre Sofiu, Francesco Frusteri, Ahmed Aidid Ibrahim, Vijay Kumar Srivastava, Samsudeen Olajide Kasim, Anis Hamza Fakeeha, Ahmed Elhag Abasaeed, Ahmed I. Osman, Ahmed Sadeq Al-Fatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increasing alarm of global warming always draws interest in reactions like dry reforming of methane (DRM) where both global warming gases (CO2 and CH4) are converted into value-added chemical building blocks, such as syngas. Nickel catalyst active sites along with support acid-base profiles play a key role in DRM. Herein, xLa2O3+(100-x) Al2O3 (x = 0, 10, 15, 20%) supports are prepared and followed by NiO dispersion over the produced support by impregnation method. It was tested for DRM reaction and characterized with TGA, XRD, TEM, IR, Surface area and porosity measurement, H2-TPR, CO2-TPD and NH3-TPD techniques. Upon increasing the basic lanthana proportion in the acidic alumina support, the crystallinity of alumina and acidity of total support decline. Up to 15% Lanthana addition in support claims a low acid and rich basic surface including super basic sites (related to unidentate carbonates) which governed optimum catalytic performance 64% CH4 conversion, 79% CO2 conversion and H2/CO ~ 1 up to 460-min in time on stream test. 20% lanthanum oxide loading led to inferior performance due to rapid loss of surface area, pore-volume, pore diameter, acidity and medium basic strength sites. Fine-tuning of acid-base lanthana-alumina support with dispersed Ni species are a means for understanding DRM.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Early online date17 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 17 Feb 2021

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