Organelle Genome Variation in the Red Algal Genus Ahnfeltia (Florideophyceae)

Hocheol Kim, Ji Hyun Yang, Danilo E Bustamante, Martha S Calderon, Andres Mansilla, Christine A Maggs, Gayle I Hansen, Hwan Su Yoon

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The agarophyte (Ahnfeltiales, Rhodophyta) is a globally widespread genus with 11 accepted species names. Two of the most widespread species in this genus, and , may have diverged genetically due to past geographic changes and subsequent geographic isolation. To investigate this genomic and genetic diversity, we generated new plastid (ptDNAs) and mitochondrial genomes (mtDNAs) of these species from four different regions ( - Chile and UK and - Korea and Oregon). Two architecture variations were found in the genomes: in ptDNA of Oregon, the hypothetical pseudogene region was translocated, likely due to recombination with palindromic repeats or a gene transfer from a red algal plasmid. In mtDNA of Korea, the composition of the group II intronic ORFs was distinct from others suggesting different scenarios of gain and loss of group II intronic ORFs. These features resulted in genome size differences between the two species Overall gene contents of organelle genomes of were conserved. Phylogenetic analysis using concatenated genes from ptDNAs and mtDNAs supported the monophyly of the Ahnfeltiophycidae. The most probable individual gene trees showed that the populations were genetically diversified. These trees, the 1 haplotype network, and a dN/dS analysis all supported the theory that these populations have diversified genetically in accordance with geographic distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number724734
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2021


  • genome architecture variation
  • plastid genome
  • phylogeograhy
  • mitochondrial genome
  • Ahnfeltia
  • genetic diversity


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