Organizational practices and workplace health and safety: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies

Sybil Geldart*, Christopher A. Smith, Harry S. Shannon, Lynne Lohfeld

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the results of a mail questionnaire for 312 manufacturing firms in the province of Ontario (Canada). We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of workplace level health and safety policies, practices and attitudes. Analyses were conducted across firm categories based upon lost-time frequency rate (LTFR) data. Lower LTFRs were associated with paternalistic initiatives, recording of occupational health and safety (OHS) measures, greater involvement of workers in decision-making, and better managerial attitudes concerning the importance of OHS. The composition of the Joint Health and Safety Committee (JHSC), a committee mandated in all workplaces we sampled, differed according to injury rate: the mean number of worker (vs. management) members on the JHSC was higher for lower injury sites, and the mean number of worker members attending JHSC meetings was also higher for lower injury worksites. In addition, workplaces with lower LTFR benefitted by having JHSCs with more executive functions and greater worker involvement. In conclusion, managerial and worker participation in OHS initiatives characterizes safer workplaces. Also, general concern of management towards OHS-illustrated by both attitudes and concrete actions-is also associated with lower injury rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-569
Number of pages8
JournalSafety Science
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross-sectional survey
  • Health and safety committees
  • Lost-time claim rates
  • Management commitment
  • Workers' compensation
  • Workplace organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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