Inland waters are of global biogeochemical importance receiving carbon inputs of ~ 4.8 Pg C y-1. Of this 12 % is buried, 18 % transported to the oceans, and 70 % supports aquatic secondary production. However, the mechanisms that determine the fate of organic matter (OM) in these systems are poorly defined. One important aspect is the formation of organo-mineral complexes in aquatic systems and their potential as a route for OM transport and burial vs. their use potential as organic carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) sources. Organo-mineral particles form by sorption of dissolved OM to freshly eroded mineral surfaces and may contribute to ecosystem-scale particulate OM fluxes. We tested the availability of mineral-sorbed OM as a C & N source for streamwater microbial assemblages and streambed biofilms. Organo-mineral particles were constructed in vitro by sorption of 13C:15N-labelled amino acids to hydrated kaolin particles, and microbial degradation of these particles compared with equivalent doses of 13C:15N-labelled free amino acids. Experiments were conducted in 120 ml mesocosms over 7 days using biofilms and streamwater sampled from the Oberer Seebach stream (Austria), tracing assimilation and mineralization of 13C and 15N labels from mineral-sorbed and dissolved amino acids.Here we present data on the effects of organo-mineral sorption upon amino acid mineralization and its C:N stoichiometry. Organo-mineral sorption had a significant effect upon microbial activity, restricting C and N mineralization by both the biofilm and streamwater treatments. Distinct differences in community response were observed, with both dissolved and mineral-stabilized amino acids playing an enhanced role in the metabolism of the streamwater microbial community. Mineral-sorption of amino acids differentially affected C & N mineralization and reduced the C:N ratio of the dissolved amino acid pool. The present study demonstrates that organo-mineral complexes restrict microbial degradation of OM and may, consequently, alter the carbon and nitrogen cycling dynamics within aquatic ecosystems.
|Title of host publication||Geophysical Research Abstracts|
|Publisher||European Geoscience Union|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||European Geosciences Union General Assembly - Vienna, Austria|
Duration: 27 Apr 2014 → 02 May 2014
|Conference||European Geosciences Union General Assembly|
|Period||27/04/2014 → 02/05/2014|
Bio-ERODS: Biogeochemistry of erosive material deposition in streams: Impact of particulate deposition upon biofilm carbon cycling.
Billy Hunter (Recipient), 01 Sep 2012
Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively
Hunter, W. R., Wanek, W., Prommer, J., Mooshammer, M., & Battin, T. (2014). Organo-mineral complexation alters carbon and nitrogen cycling in stream microbial assemblages. In Geophysical Research Abstracts (Vol. 16). European Geoscience Union.