Orientation effects in copper phthalocyanine films studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

Solveig Felton, Marc Warner, Soumaya Mauthoor, Jules Gardener, Daniel Klose, Salahud Din, Gavin W. Morley, Wei Wu, A. Marshall Stoneham, Andrew J. Fisher, Gabriel Aeppli, Christopher W. M. Kay, Sandrine Heutz

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

The metallo-phthalocyanines (MPcs) are an interesting group of organic semiconductor materials for applications such as large area solar cells due to their optoelectronic properties coupled with the possibility of easily and cheaply fabricating thin films of MPcs [1, 2]. As for organic semiconductors in general, many of the interesting properties of the MPcs such as magnetism, light absorption and charge transport, are highly anisotropic [2, 3]. To maximise the efficiency of a device based on these materials it is therefore important to study their molecular orientation in films and to assess the influence of different growth conditions and substrate treatments.
X-ray diffraction is a well established and powerful technique for studying texture (and hence molecular orientation) in crystalline materials, but it cannot provide any information about amorphous or nanocrystalline films. In electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy the signal comes from the spin of unpaired electrons in the material. This technique therefore does not require the sample to be crystalline. It works for any sample with paramagnetic centres such as the MPcs where the unpaired electrons are contributed by the metal. In this paper we present a continuous-wave X-band EPR study using the anisotropy of the EPR spectrum of CuPc [4] to determine the orientation effects in different types of CuPc films. From these measurements we gain insight into the molecular arrangement of films with different spin concentrations, and apply our technique to the study of molecular orientation in photovoltaic cells.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010
Event3rd Topical Meeting on Spins in Organic Semiconductors (SpinOSIII) - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 31 Aug 201003 Sep 2010

Conference

Conference3rd Topical Meeting on Spins in Organic Semiconductors (SpinOSIII)
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period31/08/201003/09/2010

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    Felton, S., Warner, M., Mauthoor, S., Gardener, J., Klose, D., Din, S., Morley, G. W., Wu, W., Stoneham, A. M., Fisher, A. J., Aeppli, G., Kay, C. W. M., & Heutz, S. (2010). Orientation effects in copper phthalocyanine films studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Poster session presented at 3rd Topical Meeting on Spins in Organic Semiconductors (SpinOSIII), Amsterdam, Netherlands. http://www.spinos.nl/abstracts/PB-13_Felton.pdf