OSSOS. VIII. The Transition between Two Size Distribution Slopes in the Scattering Disk

S. M. Lawler, C. Shankman, J. J. Kavelaars, M. Alexandersen, M. T. Bannister, Ying-Tung Chen, B. Gladman, W. C. Fraser, S. Gwyn, N. Kaib, J.-M. Petit, K. Volk

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Abstract

The scattering trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs) can be measured to smallersizes than any other distant small-body population. We use the largest sample yet obtained, 68 discoveries, primarily by the Outer Solar SystemOrigins Survey (OSSOS), to constrain the slope of its luminosity distribution, with sensitivity to much fainter absolute H-magnitudes than previous work. Using the analysis technique in Shankman et al., we confirm that a single slope for the H-distribution is not an accurate representation of the scattering TNOs and Centaurs, and that a break in the distribution is required, in support of previous conclusions. A bright-end slope of α b = 0.9 transitioning to a faint-end slope α f of 0.4–0.5 with a differential number contrast c from 1 (a knee) to 10 (a divot) provides an acceptable match to our data. We find that break magnitudes H b of 7.7 and 8.3, values both previously suggested for dynamically hot Kuiper Belt populations, are equally non-rejectable for a range ofα f and c in our statistical analysis. Our preferred divot H-distribution transitions to α f = 0.5 with a divot of contrast c = 3 at H b = 8.3, while our preferred knee H-distribution transitions to α f = 0.4 at H b = 7.7. The intrinsic population of scattering TNOs required to match the OSSOS detections is 3 × 10^6 for H_r < 12, and 9 × 10^4 for H _r < 8.66 (D ≳ 100 km), with Centaurs having an intrinsic population two orders of magnitude smaller.
Original languageEnglish
Article number197
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume155
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Kuiper belt: general

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