Outgroup prosocial giving during childhood: The role of ingroup preference and outgroup attitudes in a divided society

Lipaz Shamoa Nir*, Irene Razpurker Apfeld, Jocelyn Dautel, Laura Taylor

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Amid protracted conflict, children are raised in divided contexts which shape the development of their intergroup attitudes and behaviors. Social Identity Development Theory (SIDT) suggests that ingroup preference may contribute to more negative outgroup attitudes and behaviors in middle childhood. In such contexts, ingroup favoritism may shape resource distribution, a key indicator of prosocial behavior. This study examined the predictors of resource distribution among 387 children (age: M=9.59, SD=2.34) of majority (Jewish) and minority (Arab-Muslim) groups in Israel. Rooted in SIDT, a multiple-group chain mediation found that the effect of age on outgroup prosocial giving was serially mediated by the child’s ingroup symbol preference and negative outgroup attitudes. The mediation held across both majority and minority groups, highlighting the underlying developmental process of prosocial giving across group lines in a divided society.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT
Publication statusAccepted - 05 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • outgroup prosocial behavior
  • Israel
  • children
  • resource distribution
  • intergroup conflict

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