In August 2016, drivers delivering meals in London after being booked via the platforms ‘Deliveroo’ and ‘UberEATS’ made headlines by challenging working practices in the gig-economy through collective industrial action. Dissatisfaction resulted from extremely low levels of pay as well as a new payment calculation system being introduced without consultation. This indicates that the ‘gig-economy’ may not always constitute the smartest solution for those serving within it. However, it also highlights that collective industrial action is far from structurally impossible for workers in the ‘gig-economy’, even though management of labour relies on anonymous and automated micro-management through internet platforms and apps. Indeed, collective organisation may seem the smartest solution for upgrading the gig-economy for its workers. This article develops an original contribution to the interface of smart technology in the gig-economy, collective labour rights, and EU competition law. We identify that EU competition law as interpreted by the Court of Justice would hinder collective organisation of those serving the gig-economy and develop a comprehensive re interpretation which allows adaptation of EU competition law to smart employment markets.
|Publisher||CETLS Working Paper Series|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Feb 2018|
Schiek, D., & Gideon, A. (2018). Outsmarting the gig-economy through collective bargaining - EU competition law as a barrier? (2 ed.) CETLS Working Paper Series. https://doi.org/https://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/centre-european-transnational-studies/FileStore/Filetoupload,815527,en.pdf