Overlapping Pathogenic Signalling Pathways and Biomarkers in Preeclampsia and Cardiovascular Disease

Sonja Suvakov, Emma Bonner, Valentina Nikolic, Djurdja Jerotic, Tatjana P Simic, Vesna D Garovic, Guillermo Lopez Campos*, Lana McClements*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives
Preeclampsia is a cardiovascular pregnancy complication which occurs in 5-10% of pregnancies that can lead to a number of pregnancy complications including maternal and foetal death. Long-term, preeclampsia is associated with up to 8-fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) for both mothers and their offspring. The lack of mechanistic data in relation to the causes or consequences of preeclampsia has prevented the development of effective therapeutic or monitoring strategies.

Study design
This study investigates common underlying mechanisms of preeclampsia and CVD, specifically hypertension and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) using “in silico” approach of publicly available datasets. Integrated techniques were designed to mine data repositories and identify relevant biomarkers associated with these three conditions.

Main outcomes measures
The knowledge base tools were employed that enabled the analysis of these biomarkers to discover potential molecular and biological links between these three conditions.

Results
Our bioinformatics “in silico” analyses of the publically available datasets identified 76 common biomarkers between preeclampsia, hypertension and HFpEF. These biomarkers were representative of 29 pathways commonly enriched across the three conditions which were largely related to inflammation, metabolism, angiogenesis, remodelling, haemostasis, apoptosis and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system.

Conclusions
This bioinformatics approach which uses the wealth of scientific data available in public repositories can be helpful to gain a deeper understanding of the overlapping pathogenic mechanisms of associated diseases, which could be explored as biomarkers or targets to prevent long-term cardiovascular complications such as hypertension and HFpEF following preeclampsia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health
Early online date29 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 29 Mar 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Overlapping Pathogenic Signalling Pathways and Biomarkers in Preeclampsia and Cardiovascular Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this