Oxidation of N,N,N ',N '-tetraalkyl-para-phenylenediamines in a series of room temperature ionic liquids incorporating the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion

R.G. Evans, O.V. Klymenko, Christopher Hardacre, Kenneth Seddon, R.G. Compton

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123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The five room temperature ionic liquids: 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([CnMIM][N(Tf)(2)], n = 2, 4, 8, 10) and n-hexyltriethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([N-6222][N(Tf)(2)]) were investigated as solvents in which to study the electrochemical oxidation of N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-para-phenylenediamine (TMPD) and N,N,N',N'-tetrabutyl-paraphenylenediamine (TBPD), using 20 mul micro-samples under vacuum conditions. The effect of dissolved atmospheric gases on the accessible electrochemical window was probed and determined to be less significant than seen previously for ionic liquids containing alternative anions. Chronoamperometric transients recorded at a microdisk electrode were analysed via a process of non-linear curve fitting to yield values for the diffusion coefficients of the electroactive species without requiring a knowledge of their initial concentration. Comparison of experimental and simulated cyclic voltammetry was then employed to corroborate these results and allow diffusion coefficients for the electrogenerated species to be estimated. The diffusion coefficients obtained for the neutral compounds in the five ionic liquids via this analysis were, in units of 10(-11) m(2) s(-1), 2.62, 1.87, 1.12, 1.13 and 0.70 for TMPD. and 1.23, 0.80, 0.40, 0.52 and 0.24 for TBPD (listed using the same order for the ionic liquids as stated above). The most significant consequence of changing the cationic component of the ionic liquid was found to be its effect on the solvent viscosity; the diffusion coefficient of each species was found to be approximately inversely proportional to viscosity across the series of ionic liquids, in accordance with Walden's rule. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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