The results of a kinetic study of the oxidation of water to oxygen by Ce(IV) ions in different acid media, mediated by anhydrous ruthenium(IV) oxide are described. In an acid medium which is predominantly HClO4 the kinetics are diffusion controlled and first order with respect to both [Ce(IV)] and [RuO2] and exhibit an activation energy of 19 kJ mol-1. In 0.5 mol dm-3 H2SO4 the kinetics are much slower and complex, the rate decreasing with increasing [Ce(III)]. The kinetics of catalysis observed in all the different acid media studied are readily interpreted using an electrochemical model in which the catalyst particles are considered as acting as microelectrodes which mediate electron transfer between a Nernstian reduction reaction (Ce(IV) --> Ce(III)) and an irreversible oxidation reaction (H2O --> 2H+ + 1/2O2). This electrochemical model is used to analyse the complex kinetics observed in 0.5 mol dm-3 H2SO4 and extract mechanistic information concerning the nature of the rate determining step.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Inorganica Chimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|