Pacifiers disrupt adults’ responses to infants’ emotions

Magdalena Rychlowska, Sebastian Korb, Markus Brauer, Sylvie Droit-Volet, Maria Augustinova, Leah Zinner, Paula M. Niedenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Research shows that pacifiers disrupt infants' mimicry of facial expressions. This experiment examines whether pacifiers interfere with caretakers' ability to mimic infants' emotions. Adults saw photographs of infants with or without a pacifier. When infants had pacifiers, perceivers showed reduced EMG activity to infants' smiles. Smiles of infants using a pacifier were also rated as less happy than smiles depicted without a pacifier. The same pattern was observed for expressions of distress: adults rated infants presented with pacifiers as less sad than infants without pacifiers. We discuss deleterious effects of pacifier use for the perceiver's resonance with a child's emotions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-308
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pacifiers disrupt adults’ responses to infants’ emotions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this