Parameter Optimization on Laser Welding of NiTi Wires by Taguchi Method

Chi Wai Chan, H.C. Man, T.M. Yue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this research, a preliminary study was done to find out the initial parameter window to obtain the full-penetrated NiTi weldment. A L27 Taguchi experiment was then carried out to statistically study the effects of the welding parameters and their possible interactions on the weld bead aspect ratio (or penetration over fuse-zone width ratio), and to determine the optimized parameter settings to produce the full-penetrated weldment with desirable aspect ratio. From the statistical results in the Taguchi experiment, the laser mode was found to be the most important factor that substantially affects the aspect ratio. Strong interaction between the power and focus position was found in the Taguchi experiment. The optimized weldment was mainly of columnar dendritic structure in the weld zone (WZ), while the HAZ exhibited equiaxed grain structure. The XRD and DSC results showed that the WZ remained the B2 austenite structure without any precipitates, but with a significant decrease of phase transformation temperatures. The results in the micro-hardness and tensile tests indicated that the mechanical properties of NiTi were decreased to a certain extent after fibre laser welding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-265
Number of pages18
JournalLasers in Engineering
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Fibre laser; laser welding; NiTi; shape memory alloy (SMA); Taguchi method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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