Parasitism may enhance rather than reduce the predatory impact of an invader

J.T.A. Dick, M. Armstrong, Hazel Clarke, Keith Farnsworth, M.J. Hatcher, Marilyn Ennis, Andrew Kelly, A.M. Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Invasive species can have profound impacts on communities and it is increasingly recognized that such effects may be mediated by parasitism. The 'enemy release' hypothesis posits that invaders may be successful and have high impacts owing to escape from parasitism. Alternatively, we hypothesize that parasites may increase host feeding rates and hence parasitized invaders may have increased community impacts. Here, we investigate the influence of parasitism on the predatory impact of the invasive freshwater amphipod Gammarus pulex. Up to 70 per cent of individuals are infected with the acanthoce- phalan parasite Echinorhynchus truttae, but parasitized individuals were no different in body condition to those unparasitized. Parasitized individuals consumed significantly more prey (Asellus aquaticus; Isopoda) than did unparasitized individuals. Both parasitized and unparasitized individuals displayed Type-II functional responses (FRs), with the FR for parasitized individuals rising more steeply, with a higher asymptote, compared with unparasi- tized individuals. While the parasite reduced the fitness of individual females, we predict a minor effect on population recruitment because of low parasite prevalence in the peak reproductive period. The parasite thus has a large per capita effect on predatory rate but a low population fitness effect, and thus may enhance rather than reduce the impact of this invader.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-638
Number of pages3
JournalBiology Letters
Volume6
Issue number5
Early online date14 Apr 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

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