Parent ratings of child cognition and language compared with Bayley-III in preterm 3-year-olds

Oliver Perra, Jennifer E. McGowan, Ruth E. Grunau, Jackie Boylan Doran, Stanley Craig, Linda Johnston, John Jenkins, Valerie A. Holmes, Fiona A. Alderdice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background
Parent ratings on questionnaires may provide valid and cost-effective tools for screening cognitive development of children at risk of developmental delay.

Aims
In this study, we examined the convergent validity of combining parent-based reports of non-verbal cognitive abilities (PARCA3) and verbal abilities (CDI-III) in relation to the Bayley-III cognitive scale in 3-year-olds born late pre-term.

Methods
Mothers of 185 late-preterm children were asked to complete the PARCA3 and the CDI-III shortly before children reached age three; children were then assessed using the Bayley-III close to their third birthday.

Results
The two maternal questionnaires were significantly and moderately correlated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores. Together the maternal ratings accounted for 15% of the variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores, after controlling for other covariates in regression analysis. In particular, the PARCA3 contributed significantly to explain variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores when controlling for the CDI-III. However, the CDI-III was also independently associated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores.

Conclusions
Parent ratings of child cognition and language together may provide cost-effective screening of development in “at risk” preschoolers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalEarly human development
Volume91
Issue number3
Early online date18 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

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