Parental leave regulations and the persistence of the male breadwinner model: Using fuzzy-set ideal type analysis to assess gender equality in an enlarged Europe

Rossella Ciccia, Mieke Verloo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    87 Citations (Scopus)
    970 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    his paper uses fuzzy-set ideal type analysis to assess the conformity of European leave regulations to four theoretical ideal typical divisions of labour: male breadwinner, caregiver parity, universal breadwinner and universal caregiver. In contrast to the majority of previous studies, the focus of this analysis is on the extent to which leave regulations promote gender equality in the family and the transformation of traditional gender roles. The results of this analysis demonstrate that European countries cluster into five models that only partly coincide with countries’ geographical proximity. Second, none of the countries considered constitutes a universal caregiver model, while the male breadwinner ideal continues to provide the normative reference point for parental leave regulations in a large number of European states. Finally, we witness a growing emphasis at the national and EU levels concerning the universal breadwinner ideal, which leaves gender inequality in unpaid work unproblematized.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)507-528
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal Of European Social Policy
    Volume22
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

    Keywords

    • care work
    • Fuzzy sets
    • Europe
    • Gender
    • parental leave

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

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