Parents' perceptions of microneedle-mediated monitoring as an alternative to blood sampling in the monitoring of their infants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Microneedle (MN) arrays could offer a pain-free, minimally invasive approach to monitoring. This is envisaged to be particularly beneficial for younger patients, but parents' views to date are unknown. The aim of this study was to explore parental perceptions of MN-mediated ISF monitoring, as an alternative to the use of conventional blood sampling, and to understand the important factors for technique approval.

METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with parents with recent experience of a premature birth. Recruitment was through the Northern Ireland premature infant charity, Tinylife. Interviews progressed until data saturation was reached and thematic analysis employed.

KEY FINDINGS: The study included 16 parents. Parental support for MN-mediated monitoring was evident, alongside the unpopularity of traditional blood sampling in neonates. Factors facilitating MN approval included the opportunity for pain reduction, the simplicity of the procedure, the potential for increased parental involvement and the more favourable appearance, owing to the minute size of MNs and similarities with a sticking plaster. Confirmation of correct application, a pain-free patch removal and endorsement from trusted healthcare professionals were important.

CONCLUSION: These findings will inform researchers in the field of MN development and enlighten practitioners regarding parental distress resulting from conventional blood sampling. Further work is necessary to understand MN acceptability among practitioners. This work should assist in the development of an acceptable MN device and facilitate the reduction of parental distress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12195
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Early online date25 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parents' perceptions of microneedle-mediated monitoring as an alternative to blood sampling in the monitoring of their infants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this