Patient selection for oncology phase I trials: a multi-institutional study of prognostic factors.

D. Olmos, R. A’Hern, S. Marsoni, J. Tabernero, C. Gomez-Roca, J. Verweij, E.E. Voest, P. Schöffski, J. Ern Ang, N. Penel, J.H. Schellens, L. Gianni, A.T. Brunetto, J. Evans, Richard Wilson, C. Sessa, R. Plummer, R. Morales, J- Soria, S.B. Kaye

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Abstract

PURPOSE The appropriate selection of patients for early clinical trials presents a major challenge. Previous analyses focusing on this problem were limited by small size and by interpractice heterogeneity. This study aims to define prognostic factors to guide risk-benefit assessments by using a large patient database from multiple phase I trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data were collected from 2,182 eligible patients treated in phase I trials between 2005 and 2007 in 14 European institutions. We derived and validated independent prognostic factors for 90-day mortality by using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results The 90-day mortality was 16.5% with a drug-related death rate of 0.4%. Trial discontinuation within 3 weeks occurred in 14% of patients primarily because of disease progression. Eight different prognostic variables for 90-day mortality were validated: performance status (PS), albumin, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, number of metastatic sites, clinical tumor growth rate, lymphocytes, and WBC. Two different models of prognostic scores for 90-day mortality were generated by using these factors, including or excluding PS; both achieved specificities of more than 85% and sensitivities of approximately 50% when using a score cutoff of 5 or higher. These models were not superior to the previously published Royal Marsden Hospital score in their ability to predict 90-day mortality. CONCLUSION Patient selection using any of these prognostic scores will reduce non-drug-related 90-day mortality among patients enrolled in phase I trials by 50%. However, this can be achieved only by an overall reduction in recruitment to phase I studies of 20%, more than half of whom would in fact have survived beyond 90 days.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1004
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Volume30 (9)
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Medicine(all)
  • Oncology

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    Olmos, D., A’Hern, R., Marsoni, S., Tabernero, J., Gomez-Roca, C., Verweij, J., Voest, E. E., Schöffski, P., Ern Ang, J., Penel, N., Schellens, J. H., Gianni, L., Brunetto, A. T., Evans, J., Wilson, R., Sessa, C., Plummer, R., Morales, R., Soria, J., & Kaye, S. B. (2012). Patient selection for oncology phase I trials: a multi-institutional study of prognostic factors. Journal of Clinical Oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 30 (9)(9), 996-1004. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2010.34.5074