Patterning employee voice in multinational companies

Jonathan Lavelle, Patrick Gunnigle, Anthony McDonnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


Employee voice has been an enduring theme within the employment relations literature.This article profiles the incidence of a range of direct and indirect employee voice mechanisms within multinational companies (MNCs) and, using an analytical framework, identifies a number of different approaches to employee voice. Drawing from a highly representative sample of MNCs in Ireland, we point to quite a significant level of engagement with all types of employee voice, both direct and indirect. Using the analytical framework, we find that the most common approach to employee voice was an indirect voice approach (i.e. the use of trade unions and/or non-union structures of collective employee representation). The regression analysis identifies factors such as country of origin, sector, the European Union Directive on Information and Consultation and date of establishment as having varying impacts on the approaches adopted by MNCs to employee voice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-418
Number of pages24
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010


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