Amphibian skin secretions represent a unique resource for the discovery of new bioactive peptides. Here we report the isolation, structural and functional characterization of a novel heptapeptide amide, DMSPPWHamide, from the defensive skin secretion of the Mexican giant leaf frog, Pachymedusa dacnicolor. This peptide is of unique primary structure and has been classified as a member of the rather heterogenous tryptophyllin-2 (T-2) family of amphibian skin peptides and named P. dacnicolor Tryptophyllin-2 (PdT-2) in accordance. PdT-2 is the first Type 2-tryptophyllin to possess discrete bioactivity. Both natural and synthetic replicates of the peptide were found to contract the smooth muscle of rat urinary bladder, the latter displaying an EC50 of 4 nM.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience