Pediatric pharmacokinetics of the antibiotics in the access and watch groups of the 2019 WHO model list of essential medicines for children: a systematic review

Asia N Rashed, Charlotte Jackson, Silke Gastine, Yingfen Hsia, Julia Bielicki, Joseph F Standing, Stephen Tomlin, Mike Sharland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) studies of antibiotics in pediatrics are limited. Pediatric dosing regimens for many antimicrobial drugs have been historically derived from adult pharmacokinetic data. Most pediatric formularies and dosing guidelines globally are expert-based and provide no rationale for the recommended doses, leading to heterogeneous guidance.

Areas covered: We systematically reviewed the current dosing for 28 antibiotics listed in the Access and Watch groups of the 2019 World Health Organization (WHO) Essential Medicines List for children (EMLc). PubMed and EMBASE were searched for all PK-PD and pharmacological studies in pediatrics up to May 2018. In total, 262 pediatric related articles were deemed eligible. The most studied drugs were those where therapeutic drug monitoring is routine (aminoglycosides, glycopeptides) and study reporting detail was variable, with only 60.0% using the PK-PD results in make dosing recommendations. Based on this evidence, dose recommendations for each antibiotic were made.

Expert opinion: We provide an up-to-date review of the limited available evidence on pediatric dosing for the 28 commonly prescribed antibiotics in the 2019 WHO EMLc. We propose synthesized dosing recommendations for those antibiotics administered systemically for the treatment of serious infections. Further PK-PD studies in children, particularly with underlying conditions, are needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1099-1106
JournalExpert review of clinical pharmacology
Volume12
Issue number12
Early online date25 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 25 Nov 2019

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pediatric pharmacokinetics of the antibiotics in the access and watch groups of the 2019 WHO model list of essential medicines for children: a systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this