Perceptions of resident behavior problems and their clinical management in Long Term Care facilities

K. Brazil, A. Hasler, C. McAiney, C. Sturdy-Smith, M. Tettman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to describe the perceptions of Long Term Care (LTC) service providers in urban Canadian care facilities regarding the prevalence and nature of resident behavior problems and how staff manage these problems. Key informants from 15 LTC facilities housing 1,928 residents, participated in a cross sectional survey which employed semi-structured telephone interviews. Respondents estimated that on average 61% (n = 1,176) of residents had some type of mental health/behavioral problem, with facility estimates ranging from 20% to 90%. The most frequently reported problem behaviors included: general agitation and restlessness (36%); pacing and aimless wandering (28%); hoarding things (24%); hitting either self or others (23%); and verbal aggression (22%). Behaviors reported by respondents as "disruptive" or "very disruptive" were screaming (13%), sexual disinhibition (10%), and hitting either self or others (10%). The most common interventions used by staff were behavioral interventions followed by the use of medications. Low levels of staffing and educational training of staff were among the most common factors recognized as contributing to the difficulty in caring for residents with mental health needs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Mental Health and Aging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2003

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Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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