Perceptions of the Nurse Practitioner Role in Facilitating the Implementation of an Onsite Pain Management Team in Long Term Care

Sharon Kaasalainen, Kevin Brazil

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

Abstract

Background: One strategy to improve pain management in long term care (LTC) is to optimize the emerging role of the nurse practitioner (NP) in LTC. The purpose of this sub study was to learn about the NP role in implementing an onsite, interdisciplinary Pain Team in the LTC home setting.

Methods: We used a case study design that included two NPs who worked at separate LTC homes. Each of the NPs completed a weekly questionnaire of pain-related activities that they engaged in over a one-year implementation period; and a diary, using critical reflection, about their experiences and strategies used to implement the Pain Team. Descriptive statistics and thematic content analysis were used to analyze the case study data.

Findings: NPs tended to be most engaged in pain assessment and collaborated more with licensed nurses and personal support workers; less with pharmacists. NPs were more involved in organizational level activities, such as participating in committee work or assisting with the development of policies and procedures about pain. NPs created palliative care and pain service protocols; engaged in policy development, in-servicing, quality assurance and advocacy; and encouraged best practices. NPs were challenged with time constraints for pain management and balancing other role priorities and felt that increased scope of practice for them was needed.

Conclusions: The results of this study highlight how NPs implemented a Pain Team in LTC which may be helpful to others interested in implementing a similar strategy to reduce residents’ pain.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP319
Pages (from-to)753
Number of pages1
JournalPalliative Medicine
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

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