Perceptual investigation of image placement with Ambisonics for non-centred listeners

Peter Stitt, Stephanie Bertet, Maarten Van Walstijn

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
57 Downloads (Pure)


Ambisonics is a scalable spatial audio technique that attempts to present a sound scene to listeners over as large an area as possi- ble. A localisation experiment was carried out to investigate the performance of a first and third order system at three listening positions - one in the centre and two off-centre. The test used a reverse target-pointer adjustment method to determine the error, both signed and absolute, for each combination of listening posi- tion and system. The signed error was used to indicate the direc- tion and magnitude of the shifts in panning angle introduced for the off-centre listening positions. The absolute error was used as a measure of the performance of the listening position and systems combinations for a comparison of their overall performance. A comparison was made between the degree of image shifting be- tween the two systems and the robustness of their off-centre per- formance.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Event16th International Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-13) - Maynooth, Ireland
Duration: 02 Sep 201305 Sep 2013


Conference16th International Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-13)


  • Ambisonics
  • Listening experiment
  • Localisation test
  • Non-centred listener


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