Performance of calcium deficient hydroxyapatite-polyglycolic acid composites: An in vitro study

Nicholas Dunne, V. Jack, Rochelle O'Hara, D. Farrar, Fraser Buchanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The strategic incorporation of bioresorbable polymeric additives to calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite cement may provide short-term structural reinforcement and modify the modulus to closer match bone. The longer-term resorption properties may also be improved, creating pathways for bone in-growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the resorption process of a calcium phosphate cement system containing either in polyglycolic acid tri-methylene carbonate particles or polyglycolic acid fibres. This was achieved by in vitro aging in physiological conditions (phosphate buffered solution at 37°C) over 12 weeks. The unreinforced CPC exhibited an increase in compressive strength at 12 weeks, however catastrophic failure was observed above a critical loading. The fracture behaviour of cement was improved by the incorporation of PGA fibres; the cement retained its cohesive structure after critical loading. Gravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy showed a large proportion of the fibres had resorbed after 12 weeks allowing for the increased cement porosity, which could facilitate cell infiltration and faster integration of natural bone. Incorporating the particulate additives in the cement did not provide any mechanism for mechanical property augmentation or did not demonstrate any appreciable level of resorption after 12 weeks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2263-2270
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

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