Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland

F. Geiger, J. Bengtsson, F. Berendse, W.W. Weisser, Mark Emmerson, M.B. Morales, P. Ceryngier, J. Liira, T. Tscharntke, C. Winqvist, S. Eggers, R. Bommarco, T. Part, V. Bretagnolle, M. Plantegenest, L.W. Clement, C. Dennis, C. Palmer, J.J. Onate, I. GuerreroV. Hawro, T. Aavik, C. Thies, A. Flohre, S. Hanke, C. Fischer, P.W. Goedhart, P. Inchausti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

671 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the last 50 years, agricultural intensification has caused many wild plant and animal species to go extinct regionally or nationally and has profoundly changed the functioning of agro-ecosystems. Agricultural intensification has many components, such as loss of landscape elements, enlarged farm and field sizes and larger inputs of fertilizer and pesticides. However, very little is known about the relative contribution of these variables to the large-scale negative effects on biodiversity. In this study, we disentangled the impacts of various components of agricultural intensification on species diversity of wild plants, carabids and ground-nesting farmland birds and on the biological control of aphids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalBasic and Applied Ecology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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