Phase behavior and characterization of heptamethyltrisiloxane-based de Vries smectic liquid crystal by electro-optics, x rays, and dielectric spectroscopy

S. P. Sreenilayam, D. M. Agra-Kooijman, V. P. Panov, V. Swaminathan, J. K. Vij*, Yu P. Panarin, A. Kocot, A. Panov, D. Rodriguez-Lojo, P. J. Stevenson, Michael R. Fisch, Satyendra Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A heptamethyltrisiloxane liquid crystal (LC) exhibiting I-SmA∗-SmC∗ phases has been characterized by calorimetry, polarizing microscopy, x-ray diffraction, electro-optics, and dielectric spectroscopy. Observations of a large electroclinic effect, a large increase in the birefringence (Δn) with electric field, a low shrinkage in the layer thickness (∼1.75%) at 20 °C below the SmA∗-SmC∗ transition, and low values of the reduction factor (∼0.40) suggest that the SmA∗ phase in this material is of the de Vries type. The reduction factor is a measure of the layer shrinkage in the SmC∗ phase and it should be zero for an ideal de Vries. Moreover, a decrease in the magnitude of Δn with decreasing temperature indicates the presence of the temperature-dependent tilt angle in the SmA∗ phase. The electro-optic behavior is explained by the generalized Langevin-Debye model as given by Shen et al. [Y. Shen, Phys. Rev. E 88, 062504 (2013)10.1103/PhysRevE.88.062504]. The soft-mode dielectric relaxation strength shows a critical behavior when the system goes from the SmA∗ to the SmC∗ phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032701
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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