The skin penetration enhancement effect of ultrasound (phonophoresis) on methyl nicotinate was investigated in 10 healthy volunteers in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial. Each treatment consisted of the application of ultrasound massage (3.0 MHz, 1.0 W/cm2 continuous output) or placebo massage (0 MHz) for 5 min to the forearms of the volunteers, followed by a standardized application of methyl nicotinate at intervals of 15 sec, 1 min, and 2 min postmassage. Percutaneous absorption of methyl nicotinate was monitored using laser Doppler velocimetry. Ultrasound treatment applied prior to methyl nicotinate led to enhanced percutaneous absorption of the drug, for example, ultrasound treatment data versus control data at 2 min showed significant increases (P
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
McElnay, J., Benson, H. A. E., Harland, R., & Hadgraft, J. (1993). PHONOPHORESIS OF METHYL NICOTINATE - A PRELIMINARY-STUDY TO ELUCIDATE THE MECHANISM OF ACTION. Pharmaceutical Research, 10, 1726-1731.