Phosphorylation of a new brain-specific septin, G-septin, by cGMP- dependent protein kinase

Jing Xue, Xin Wang, Chandra S. Malladi, Makoto Kinoshita, Peter J. Milburn, Imre Lengyel, John A P Rostas, Phillip J. Robinson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


The septins are a family of GTPase enzymes, some of which are required for the cytokinesis stage of cell division and others of which are associated with exocytosis. We purified and cloned the cDNA for a 40-kDa protein from rat brain that is a substrate for type I cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). The amino acid sequences of two tryptic peptides of P40 showed high homology to the septins. Molecular cloning revealed the 358-amino acid P40 to be a new member of the septin family. P40 was named G-septin, as it is phosphorylated in vitro by PKG, but relatively poorly by the related cAMP-dependent protein kinase and not by protein kinase C. Two splice variants of G-septin (α and β) were found with distinct N and C termini, but a common GTPase domain. G- septin lacks the C-terminal coiled-coil domain characteristic of all other mammalian septins and uniquely has two predicted phosphorylation site motifs for type I PKG. Photoaffinity labeling with [α-32P]GTP confirmed that G- septin is a GTP-binding protein. Northern blotting showed that G-septin mRNA (5.0 kilobases) is highly expressed in brain and undetectable in 12 other tissues, indicating that the G-septins are primarily neuronal proteins. Very low levels of 6.0-, 3.4-, and 2.6-kilobase transcripts were found in testis. Our results reveal a new class of brain-specific septins that may be regulated by PKG in neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10047-10056
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 07 Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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