PHOTOMINERALISATION OF 4-CHLOROPHENOL SENSITIZED BY TITANIUM-DIOXIDE - A STUDY OF THE INTERMEDIATES

Andrew Mills, S. Morris, R. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photomineralisation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) sensitised by Degussa P25 TiO2 in O2-saturated solution represents a possible standard test system in semiconductor-sensitised photomineralisation studies. As part of a detailed examination of this photosystem, the results of the temporal variations in the concentrations of 4-CP, CO2, Cl- and the major organic intermediates, namely, 4-chlorocatechol (4-CC), hydroquinone (HQ), benzoquinone and 4-chlororesorcinol, are reported. The observed variations in [4-CP], [4-CC], [HQ] and [CO2] fit those predicted by a kinetic model which utilises kinetic equations with a Langmuir-Hinshelwood form and assumes that there are three major possible routes in which the photogenerated hydroxyl radicals can react with 4-CP, ie. 4-CP --> 4-CC, 4-CP --> HQ and 4-CP --> (unstable intermediate) --> CO2 and that these routes have the following probabilities of occurring: 48%, 10% and 42%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume70
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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