Andrew Mills, C.E. Holland, R.H. Davies, D. Worsley

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The kinetics of the photomineralization of salicylic acid (SA) sensitized by Degussa P25 titanium dioxide (TiO2) dispersions in oxygenated aqueous solution are reported as a function of the following experimental parameters: [TiO2], percentage of O-2, [SA], temperature (T) and light intensity (I). The kinetics of SA photomineralization conform to a Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic scheme with SA and O-2 adsorbed at different sites with apparent Langmuir adsorption coefficients of (6.1 +/- 1.2) x 10(4) mol(-1) dm(3) and 0.061 +/- 0.007 kPa(-1) respectively. The overall activation energy for the system was determined as 4.6 +/- 0.2 kJ mol(-1). Two major stable reaction intermediates are identified (dihydroxybenzoic acids (DHBA) and catechol (C)) and the existence of a further pathway involving one or more very unstable and, as yet, unidentified reaction intermediates is proposed. A kinetic model is presented which describes the temporal behaviour of the concentrations of SA, CO2 and the major photogenerated intermediates (DHBA and C). This model is used to predict successfully the temporal behaviour of the major intermediates in the photomineralization of SA under non-standard conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-263
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1994


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