Phylloseptin-PBa1, -PBa2, -PBa3: Three novel antimicrobial peptides from the skin secretion of Burmeister's leaf frog (Phyllomedusa burmeisteri)

Youjia Wu, Lei Wang, Mei Zhou, Tianbao Chen, Chris Shaw

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Abstract

Skin secretions are known as a highly-complex mixture of abundant and diverse bioactive molecules and its study has attracted increasing attention over recent years. Phylloseptin is a unique family of antimicrobial peptides which have been only isolated from frogs of the Phyllomedusinae subfamily. Here, three novel peptide precursors were successfully cloned from a cDNA library, which was constructed from the skin secretion of Phyllomedusa burmeisteri, as pair of primers (one nested universal primer and a designed degenerate sense primer) were employed for “shotgun” cloning. The encoded mature peptides were validated by MS/MS sequencing, and subsequently termed as Phylloseptin-PBa1, -PBa2 and -PBa3. Phylloseptin-PBa1 and -PBa2 were demonstrated to possess potent antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria and yeast, as well as broad-spectrum anticancer activities, while they possess varying haemolytic activity at the effective concentration. In contrast, Phylloseptin-PBa3 was found to exhibit a strong haemolytic activity even though it was only found to possess a weak antimicrobial activity and inconspicuous anticancer activity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Early online date03 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 03 Jan 2019

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Keywords

  • Antimicrobial peptide (AMP); Phylloseptin; Amphibian skin secretion; Antimicrobial activity; Anticancer activity

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