Physical-Layer Security for Frequency Diverse Array-Based Directional Modulation in Fluctuating Two-Ray Fading Channels

Qian Cheng, Shilian Wang, Vincent Fusco, Fanggang Wang, Jiang Zhu, Chao Gu

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Abstract

The frequency diverse array (FDA)-based directional modulation (DM) technology plays an important role in the physical-layer security (PLS) transmission of 5G and beyond communications. In order to meet the tremendous increase in mobile data traffic, a new memory-efficient design for the FDADM-based PLS transmission is urgently demanded. In this paper, an analytical symmetrical multi-carrier FDA model is proposed in three dimensions, namely, range, azimuth angle, and elevation angle, differing from the conventional analytical approach with only range and azimuth angle considered. Then, a single-point (SP) artificial noise (AN) aided FDA-DM scheme is proposed, which reduces the memory consumption significantly compared with the conventional zero-forcing (ZF) and singular value decomposition (SVD) approaches. Moreover, the PLS performance of the proposed FDA-DM scheme is analyzed in fluctuating tworay (FTR) fading channels for the first time, including the average secrecy capacity (ASC) and the secrecy outage probability (SOP). More importantly, the closed-form expressions for the lower bound on ASC and the upper bound on SOP are derived, respectively. The effectiveness of the analytical expressions is verified by numerical simulations. This work opens a way to lower the memory requirements for DM-based PLS transmission of 5G and beyond communications.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Early online date09 Feb 2021
Publication statusEarly online date - 09 Feb 2021

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