Physico-chemical characterization of cellulose extracted from ficus leaves

K.O. Reddy, C. Uma Maheswari, M. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Many by-products of agricultural activities and agro-based processing litter the environment and constitute to waste problems. This research is aimed at converting one of the unwanted forestry waste products (Ficus leaves) to commercially useful cellulose using the acid chloride-soda method. The chemical composition of raw fiber and extracted cellulose was investigated by the gravimetric method. The morphology was investigated using scanning electron microscopy revealing the cellulose in micro-fibrils form with diameters ranging from 3-12 μm. FTIR and 13C CP-MAS NMR spectra revealed the removal of hemicellulose and lignin from the raw fiber due to several chemical treatments. TGA demonstrated the thermal stability enhanced noticeably for the extracted cellulose. This work provides utilization of Ficus leaves examining their potential use as paper pulp and reinforcement fibers in biocomposite applications. Copyright © 2013 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)496-499
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

cited By 3


  • Agricultural activities
  • Chemical compositions
  • Chemical treatments
  • Ficus Leaves
  • Forestry wastes
  • Gravimetric methods
  • Physico-chemical characterization
  • Reinforcement fibers, Chemical analysis
  • Chlorine compounds
  • Morphology
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Spectrum analysis
  • Thermodynamic stability, Cellulose

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