Rhodococcus rhodochrous NCIMB13064 can dehalogenate and use a wide range of 1-haloalkanes as sole carbon and energy source. The 1-chloroalkane degradation phenotype may be lost by cells spontaneously or after treatment with Mitomycin C. Two laboratory derivatives of the original strain exhibited differing degrees of stability of the chloroalkane degradation marker. Plasmids of approximately 100 kbp (pRTL1) and 80 kbp (pRTL2) have been found in R. rhodochrous NCIMB13064. pRTL1 was shown to be carrying at least some genes for the dehalogenation of 1-chloroalkanes with short chain lengths (C-3 to C-9). However, no connection was found between the utilization of 1-chloroalkanes with longer chain lengths (C-12 to C-18) and the presence of pRTL1. Three separate events were observed to lead to the inability of NCIMB13064 to dehalogenate the short-chain 1-chloroalkanes; the complete loss of pRTL1, the integration of pRTL1 into the chromosome, or the deletion of a 20-kbp fragment in pRTL1. High-frequency transfer of the 1-chloroalkane degradation marker associated with pRTL1 has been demonstrated in bacterial crosses between different derivatives of R. rhodochrous NCIMB13064, (C) 1995 Academic Press, Inc.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|